breathtakingly beautiful - a haven of peace and tranquility - the idyllic
tourist destination in God's own country.Set at an altitude of 6000 ft in
Idukki district, Munnar was the favored summer resort of the erstwhile
British rulers in the colonial days. Unending expanse of tea plantations -
pristine valleys and mountains- exotic species of flora and fauna in its
wild sanctuaries and forests - aroma of spice scented cool air - yes!
Munnar has all these and more. It's the place you would love to visit -
it's the place you would wish never to leave- so welcome - log on to
munnar.com for all information on Munnar anytime, every time.Munnar hills
is siatuated at an altitude of 5000 to 8000 Ft above sea level. and is
situated at the confluence of three mountain streams - Mudrapuzha,
Nallathani & Kundala. This beautiful hill station was once the summer
resort of the erstwhile British Government in South India. Sprawling Tea
plantations, picture book towns, winding lanes, and holiday facilities
make this a popular resort town.Munnar also has the highest peak in South
India - Anamudi , which towers over 2695 m. Anamudi is an ideal spot for
trekking. The high ranges of Munnar were earlier known as Kannan Devan
Hills,named after a certain Kannan Devan,who had been land lord in the
Anchanad Valley on the eastern side of the district. The main cultivation
crops in Munnar are Tea and Coffee.Among the exotic flora found in the
forests and grasslands in Munar is the Neelakurinji. This flower which
bathes the hills in the blue every twelve years, will bloom next in 2006
Altitude : 1600 Mts to 1800 Mts
above sea level
Tourist Season : August to May
Clothing : Warm Clothes and Rain Gear
Temperature : Min. 0 c - Max. 25 c
Time Zone Indian Standard Time (IST) - UTC +5:30
The region in and around Munnar varies in
height from 2,000 meters (6,562 ft) to 2,600 meters (8,530 ft) above mean
sea level. Munnar enjoys a salubrious climate. The temperature ranges
between −10 °C (14 °F) and 0 °C (32 °F) in winter and 8 °C (46.4 °F) and
16 °C (60.8 °F) in summer. The tourist season in Munnar is from August to
May. However, even the monsoons are lovely with many streams and rivulets
in the area and post drizzle the dew drenched tea gardens looking majestic
and heavenly enshrouded in light mist .
Until the early 1990s,
Munnar, despite its enchanting natural beauty and salubrious climate,
continued to remain a sleepy plantation town. Its tourism potential was
realised only by the Sterling Group and Mahindra Holidays. However, the
promotion of Kerala globally as God's Own Country and the rapidly
increasing spending capacity of middle class Indians has resulted in a
virtual explosion of tourism activities in Munnar. Resorts, big and
small,have started springing up all around the town and overnight the once
sleepy town has became a bustling tourist destination. Many of the
developments done by unscrupulous investors have had a significant
detrimental impact on the environment in Munnar and the once romantic
beauty of the "sleepy town of Munnar" has significantly eroded over the
years. Moreover the huge throng of domestic and foreign tourists in their
buses and cars have added to pollution in Munnar and stretched the town's
infrastructure and service delivery systems to their limits.
reservoir, near Munnar.Earlier most of the land around Munnar was leased
out to planters and the only activity permitted on such leased land was
plantation of cardamom. Ownership continued to remain with the Government
and even cutting of trees on such leased land was prohibited. However, the
recent development of resorts has resulted in large scale deforestation
and violation of government regulations governing land use, forests and
plantation cultivation. It ultimately came to a pass in 2007, and the
Government sprung into action to demolish illegal resort constructions to
restore the beauty of the town.
Irrespective of all this, tourism has flourished over the years in Munnar
and important tourist activities include boating (in the reservoirs of the
many dams), trekking, parasailing, hot air ballooning and camping and wild
life safaris in the jungles and sanctuary.The presence of all these
activities and more has ultimately led to Munnar becoming a choice
destination for foreign as well as domestic tourists. One can also see
people from nearby districts in Kerala and Tamil Nadu thronging the town
during weekends.Munnar was the starting point of Kundala Valley Railway
functional between 1890 to 1924.
is situated at a height of 1700 m above sea level. Mattupetty Lake and Dam
is a beautiful picnic spot with the panoramic view of the tea plantations
and the lake. Boating facilities are available in the reservoir.
Mattupetty is also well known for its highly specialized dairy farm - the
Indo-Swisss Live Stock project. The Shola forests in and around Mattupetty
are ideal for trekking and are habitat to a variety of birds. Rivulets and
cascades crisscross the terrain here, which again adds more attraction to
Rajamala:Rajamala is the natural habitat of Nilgiri Tahr. Half the
world population of this rare mountain goat is found here, which is fast
Point has a natural echo phenomenon and offers panoramic views.
Eravikulam National Park:A sanctuary for the endangered mountain
goat of South India, the Nilgiri Tahr ( Hemitragus hylocrious), the
Eravikulam National Park stands out for the stark beauty of its rolling
grasslands and sholas, spread over 97 sq km in the Rajamalai hills.
Anamudi: the highest peak (2695 m) south of the Himalayas, towers
over the sanctuary in majestic pride. The slopes of the hills abound in
all kinds of rare flora and fauna. The Atlas moth, the largest of its kind
in the world, is a unique inhabitant of the park. Other rare species of
fauna found here are the Nilgiri Langur, the lion-tailed macaque,
leopards, tigers, etc.An ideal place for trekking, facilities are provided
here and tourists are allowed to go on foot up to Anamudi.
Old Aluva – Munnar
Road. The Reconstruction of the road was started in 1891s and was
completed in the following decade. In fact the road has a much older tale
to tell. The road that the local people showed the British was the
remnants of a glorious past, Bits and pieces of an ancient Royal Path that
connected the historic port city of Musiris (Now Kodungallur) with the
city of old Madurai. The road covered the Western Ghat-–home to invaluable
natural resources. The history of trade through this route traces back to
the times before the Old Testament. There is enough evidence suggesting
the importance of the road and the city of Musiris in the history of
ancient globalisation.The presence megaliths and so many other historical
monuments point towards a civilisation over 3000 years old.
The ancient Pathway(road) was constructed in the Chera Era (300 BCE
to 250 CE). The road, which transported valuables including sandalwood and
spices from the misty heights to Musiris, was once the backbone of an
economy. As trade in these items increased, Feneshiya/Arab/Roman/Chinese
traders were attracted to India, and more specifically Kerala.The history
of this trade route has been traced back to times before The Old
Testament.The road is a rather unique one. First, it runs almost parallel
to the rivers Periyar and Pooyamkutty. Second, it goes through an
interesting ecological zone, one of the ecological hotspots of the world.
Third, nobody has as yet traced the ancient road in entirety. The reason
being, the topography of the land has changed drastically over centuries.
The Great Flood in 1534 almost wiped out the city of Musiris, destroyed
the port and, as if in a quid pro quo, formed the natural contours
enabling Cochin Harbour. The course of the rivers was also changed
considerably, making it difficult to apprehend how the road, described as
following the ancient river course, actually wound.However there is enough
evidence to show that the road existed and a civilisation prospered by the
side of it. The remnants of old Forts, Nannangadis, and Muniyaras
(dolmens) around the region show the same.
Its strategic location
and commercial importance has led to an extensive travel network linking
Kochi to the rest of the country and the world by air, rail, road and sea.
(Airport Code: COK) has a world-class modern international airport,
located 30kms north-east of the city, with regular flights to major cities
in India. Cochin is also connected to Singapore, Colombo and all major
cities in the middle-east (Abu Dhabi, Dammam, Doha, Dubai, Kuwait, Jeddah,
Muscat, and Riyadh) by direct international flights. Airlines operating
from Cochin include Air Deccan, Air India, Air India Express, Air Sahara,
Emirates, Go Air, Gulf Air, Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, Kingfisher
Airlines, Kuwait Airways, Mahan Air, Oman Air, Saudi Arabian Airlines,
SilkAir, SriLankan Airlines, and Qatar Airways, making it the fifth
busiest airport in India. The International and Domestic terminals are
located right next to each other. The airport buildings have been built in
traditional Kerala architectural style. It is the first Indian airport to
be built using private investment. Cochin airport is expanding at a very
fast pace. For regular flight arrivals and departures, follow the links
below. The airport is also used extensively by cargo and chartered
aircrafts. Prepaid taxis are available from the airport and can be booked
from within the arrival hall.
Ernakulam) are connected to the rest of India by an extensive network of
rails.There are three main railway stations in Cochin: Ernakulam Junction
(main station), Ernakulam Town and Cochin Harbour Terminus. Many important
trains start from here and many others from/to the south of kerala stop at
Road-An extensive network of national/state highways and local
roads link Kochi to rest of the country. Three important National
Highways(NH) pass through/start from Kochi, apart from many state roads.
NH 47 from Kanyakumari to Salem pass right through the heart of Kochi
while NH 17 to Mumbai and NH 49 to Madurai (in Tamil Nadu) starts from
Kochi. Private and public transport services are available to/from all
major cities of South India from here. Long distance coach tickets to
Mumbai (Bombay), Chennai (Madras), Bangalore, Coimbatore, etc. can be
purchased from private coach operators operating from Jos Junction in the
heart of the city.
Sea/Backwaters-Kochi has a magnificent all weather natural port
that is used regulary by large cargo ships. Regular boat service to places
like Kottayam, Kumarakom and Alleppey are available through the scenic
backwaters of Kerala. The outlying islands that make up Cochin, like
Vypeen, Mattancherry, Bolghatty, etc are connected to the mainland by
regular public and private boats plying from the main boat jetty off Park
Avenue and from the boat jetty near the High Court. Many cruises ships
also currently berth and the Ernakulam Wharf, which is part of the Cochin
Port located on Willingdon island.
Local Transport-Getting around Cochin is quite straightforward.
Cheap and affordable private buses (bright red) will take you to most
parts of the city, but they may not necessarily stop near a location of
interest. Tickets must be bought on board. Short distances can be covered
in an autorickshaw. Taxis or prebooked taxis are generally recommended for
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